Top 5 Leading Agile Methodology of 2021

The origin of Agile methodology can be traced back to 2001. This particular technique has tried roping in the customer’s input in business, making it more desired and effective. But what does Agile signify here?

What is Agile Methodology?

A set of methodologies put to use by a team to administer a project or a plan per se into numerous stages with continuous inputs and collaboration from the consumers is known as Agile. It involves and encourages rigorous monitoring and development throughout the software development lifecycle at each step of the software development. An essential feature of this methodology is it allows development and testing at the same time.

Five Important Types of Agile Methodology

According to the needs of each consumer, different types of agile methodologies are offered. These are:

  1. SCRUM

One of the most known and frequently used methodologies is the Agile Scrum development method. It is generally represented by several cycles of development. It involves breaking down the development phases into cycles known as sprints. Each sprint has a dedicated and maximized time, thus managing a single sprint at a particular point in time.

This method focuses on continuous deliverables. It enables the designers to adjust the priorities. It is done to ensure the desired attention to any incomplete and overused sprints.

Particular roles are fixed, including the scrum master and the owner of the product. There should be regular communication in the daily scrum to harmonize the activities for the most efficient implementation of scrum. 


The word Kanban traces its origin to the Japanese language. It translates to a signboard or a visual board and has a connection with the just-in-time concept. The concept of Kanban was introduced as a lean manufacturing system in the first place. It made its way gradually into the agile software development teams. It uses visual methods for the development and management of projects.

The Projects that use Kanban are generally managed with the help of the Kanban Board. To depict the process flow of the software development, the board is divided into columns. It allows more visibility, and as a result, the teams can visualize the progress through each stage of development along with the preparation for the forthcoming tasks for product delivery just in time.

The major components of this method need thorough interaction and transparency. It is necessary to equip the team members with the correct development stage at any given point in time, thus having a cohesive workflow at all times.

  1. Extreme Programming

A methodology that majorly emphasizes teamwork, communication, and feedback is Extreme Programming. The primary focus of this technology is continuous development and consumer satisfaction. Very much identical to scrum, it makes use of sprints or short development cycles. For creating a highly productive and efficient environment, a team develops this technology.

In a situation of constant and varying customer demands, this technique comes in handy and provides adequate support. It gives the development team the right kind of motivation for accepting changes in the customer’s needs, even in the advanced phase of the development process.

In this technology, the testing of the project takes place right from the initial stages through the collection of feedback which ultimately progresses the system’s output. It also presents a spot check to implement any of the consumer’s requirements efficiently.


Crystal comprises a group of small agile development methodologies like Crystal Clear, Crystal Red, Crystal Yellow, Crystal Orange, and many more. Alistair Cockburn is one of the most renowned persons involved in creating the Agile manifesto for software development. He also had a hand in the creation of this technology.

Every technology has a unique and peculiar framework characterized by various factors like the criticality of the system, the size of the team, and the project priorities. These factors include variables like Comfort (C), Essential Money (E), Discretionary Money (D), and Life (L).

Crystal also addresses issues that are also handled by other technologies, like prompt delivery of the software, regularity of service, high involvement of users with comparatively less administration, and customer satisfaction. The particular family of software supports the claim that every system or project is inimitable. It also necessitates the adoption of diverse practices, processes, and policies for achieving the best results and ultimately earning the name of the most lightweight of all the agile methodologies.


Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM) was introduced to cater to the needs of a standard industry charter for enabling the swift delivery of software. It provides a detailed structure that is defined and modified for creating a plan, execution and management, and ultimately scaling the software development procedure.

DSDM solemnly believes that modifications are inevitable in a project. There should be no compromise in the quality and the timely delivery following a business-driven approach and the eight business principles.


The essential part in choosing the suitable agile methodology amongst various agile methods is the one with dynamism. The pros and cons of every technique should always be kept in mind while selecting the appropriate framework for the business to attract talent and ultimately provide remarkable digital experiences in this cutthroat competition.